The Complete Guide to CBD
Everything you need to know about CBD
Over the year, scientists and specialists have been experimenting with some plants that benefit human beings. Massive consumption of such plants may not be healthy, but it can help treat many ailments when administered carefully.
Today, many experts consider the hemp plant to be a miracle cure. It has other names like cannabis. The plant produces oil known as the Cannabidiol (CBD). It helps in treating many ailments like sleep disorder, aches, and anxiety.
Although some states have not legalized it yet, there are other ways you can get it. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in June 2018 allowed the use of Epidiolex. The medication has components of purified CBD oil that are excellent in treating two types of epilepsy. There are many forms of cannabis that have become legal in other states over the years.
CBD’s health benefits are undeniable, which led many authorities to legalize some forms of the compound. The contents of the oil have a massive range of elements that has various effects. It has had several positive effects on people who use it as a treatment.
It is best to understand what the oil is, its uses, health benefits, and its legality in different states.
1. Cannabidiol (CBD)
Discovered in 1940, the cannabis plant has contents of over 113 identified cannabinoids. Out of the total identified active compounds, CBD makes up 40% of the plant’s extract. Many clinical types of research have been going on to show the beneficial effects of CBD. Such studies include tests to treat movement disorders, pain, anxiety, and cognition.
The other active compound found in the plant is Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The psychoactive properties in the mixture make a person “high.”
It is essential to note that CBD may be nonpsychoactive, but its medical benefits are many and are similar to THC. The difference between the two compounds is that THC makes a person “stoned,” while CBD has therapeutic health benefits.
The CBD products derived from marijuana or THC contents may be more effective than fiber hemp. However, you can still benefit from other industrial hemp-derived CBD products. Some states are yet to legalize medical marijuana use, in which case you can use CBD products. There are still other states where the strains are unavailable. In all such cases, you can always opt for CBD, which gives the same effect with better health benefits.
Before you decide which product to buy, it is best to conduct thorough research on the plant’s legality. You can look up the list of states that allow the use of such extracts. Many online websites avail information regarding the number of states legalizing medical marijuana use.
2. How CBD works?
The compounds present in the plant interact with the receptors in the body. Such interaction forms a system, which helps in assisting the ailments in the body.
There are two receptors produced by the body:
The CB1 receptors are present all over the human body, specifically in the brain. It is responsible for coordinating various functions like:
CB2 receptors affect pain and inflammation. Such receptors commonly present in the immune system.
According to studies, THC sticks to CB1 when it enters the human internal system. However, CBD boosts the receptors, making the body create its cannabinoids, called endocannabinoids.
3. Various forms of CBD
There are many forms of CBD available in the market today. The availability of different ways allows people to take their pick according to how they want to use it. Some well-known forms of CBD are:
Many people found instant relief by inhaling vaporized CBD oil. When drawing in the beneficial compounds, the lungs directly absorbs it and flows into the bloodstream.
Pills and capsules
Most people use CBD capsules and pills for regular treatment of digestive issues. A study also showed that systematic treatment with CBD pills and tablets is successful in treating seizure disorders.
A notable achievement in allowing CBD’s use is the approval of Epidiolex by the Food and Drug Administration. It is one of the first high-potency drugs, containing CBD compounds that help treat seizure disorders.
Tinctures and Oils
Another alternative of administering CBD into the system faster is thorough these liquids. The tinctures and oils have an infusion of CBD. People can use the dropper to put the juice under the tongue. The tiny capillaries present in the mucosal glands of the mouth quickly absorb the compounds.
The oils and tinctures are an ideal alternative for people who cannot consume capsules or pills.
One of the most well-known ways to consume CBD is through gummies. The tasty edible is discrete, affordable, and portable. You can easily measure the dosage specification with the number of gummies consumed so that there is no guesswork involvement.
Lotions and creams
Ointments infused with CBD have helped treat joint and muscle pains. Many people were able to treat some skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema with CBD-infused creams.
4. Benefits of CBD
It is important to note that research done on CBD is less. However, the results of the few studies conducted on the plant are promising. Many studies showed that CBD could effectively give relief to people suffering from different mental health conditions. The list of some of such mental health conditions are:
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Anxiety disorders
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Chronic pain
- Lung conditions
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Cluster and other headaches
- Sleep disorder
- Arthritis or joint pain
- Parkinson’s disease
- Seizure disorders
The studies conducted on testing CBD shows many possibilities. Studies on human cells showed that CBD cream could act as an effective anti-inflammatory. Another study on rats found that CBD oil helps in treating pains associated with joint pain or arthritis.
5. Detailed analysis of CBD in treating various ailments
It is essential to understand the functions and effects of CBD when treating multiple conditions.
It is a condition caused, in part, by overworked sebaceous glands and inflammation in the body. Many studies found that CBD showed promising results in treating acne.
A study in 2014 reported that the production of sebum decreased with the help of CBD treatment. Increased sebum production leads to acne, so the anti-inflammatory effects of the compound helped reduce it.
Another research also showed a reduction in psoriasis inflammation and other inflammatory skin conditions when using CBD creams.
Over the years, the positive results from the use of CBD encouraged many people to use it. It has become a leading ingredient in ointments and skin creams.
The presence of THC in cannabis may amplify or trigger feelings of paranoia and anxiousness. Doctors concerned about such effects often advise their patients to avoid using it. It is especially harmful to people suffering from chronic anxiety. However, CBD can help reduce stress on many levels.
A study in 2019 experimented on mice with symptoms of anxiety. The result showed a significant decrease in the levels of stress in the animals.
According to the authors of a 2015 review on CBD, it can help decrease anxiety-related behaviors. The analysis found that the reduction of anxiety in certain conditions is possible, like:
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Panic disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Social anxiety disorder
- General anxiety disorder (GAD)
There is less evidence to show that CBD can be useful in treating such conditions. However, tests and experiments done over the years show promising results.
Neurological symptoms and disorders
According to research, problems linked to epilepsy can find a remedy with the use of CBD. The study further suggested that the extract may help treat neurological complications like psychiatric diseases, neurodegeneration, and neuronal injury.
A study in 2012 reported that the effects of CBD might be similar to certain antipsychotic drugs. It further claimed that the compound could be an effective and safe treatment for people who have schizophrenia.
One of the most significant breakthroughs in CBD history is the approval of the use of Epidiolex by the FDA. Epidiolex is a purified form of CBD extract. For years, experts have been researching the effectiveness and safety of using CBD to treat epilepsy. According to the approval, it should treat people aged three years and over for conditions like:
- Dravet syndrome
- Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
The following syndromes are rare epilepsy cases involving seizures, which are hard to control with other types of medications.
Previously, the type of medications available for treating seizures had sedating side effects. However, researchers are beginning to recognize how CBD prevents such developments from occurring when treating a patient. Moreover, there are no other synthetic drugs available today that affects the endocannabinoid system like CBD.
Anti-inflammatory and natural pain relief properties
Traditional drugs help treat pain and relax stiffness. However, many people consider CBD to be a more reliable and natural alternative. It is hard to deny that the evidence of CBD treating chronic pain is growing with each research.
The 2018 study on mice found that CBD decreased inflammation in the body by stopping the release of compounds that provoke inflammation.
A study in 2019 found that applying CBD ointment on the skin significantly decreased scarring and inflammatory skin disease.
Type 1 diabetes
A person has type 1 diabetes when their immune system attacks the pancreatic cells, which leads to inflammation.
A 2016 research showed evidence of CBD easing the inflammation. It also found that the compound protected and delayed the early onset of type 1 diabetes.
The 2018 study showed more possibilities when rats with diabetes appeared to have neuroprotective effects when treated with CBD. It further helped in decreasing nerve inflammation and preserved their memory.
The authors of a review in 2012 found proof that CBD may help prevent the advancement of some types of cancer. According to their test, the CBD compounds seem to destroy and stop the growth of cancer cells.
Researchers pointed out that the levels of toxicity in CBD are low. They urged further study to determine how CBD could support average cancer treatments in light of such findings.
A review article in 2020 talked about adding CBD to the chemotherapy medication. Experts felt that the compound might help enhance the immune system’s response to cancer treatments.
Other studies also show the effects of CBD and its functions on the human body, like:
- lessen the side effects of conventional chemotherapy
- decrease anxiety
- prevent the growth of cancer cells
- improve the action of the chemotherapy
There have been many studies conducted over the years to see the effects of CBD on Alzheimer’s disease.
People who have Alzheimer’s disease lose their ability to remember. A CBD study in 2014 found rodents suffering from Alzheimer’s disease showed successful results in recognizing familiar faces.
In 2019, a specific review found that there might be high chances of CBD slowing the progress and onset of Alzheimer’s disease. Further studies are underway to better understand the compounds’ role in treating the disease.
Scientists feel that a more effective way to test its effectiveness is by performing a treatment that involves both CBD and THC.
Drug withdrawal and quitting smoking
A 2013 experimental study reported that people who smoked cigarettes containing CBD inhalers cut down on smoking. The study also found that apart from smoking fewer cigarettes than usual, they gradually stopped craving nicotine. The research is evidence that CBD might help people to quit smoking.
A study in 2018 showed that the compound helped decrease the urge to crave for tobacco during withdrawal. According to experts, the relaxing effects of CBD were operational in subduing cravings.
The numerous studies conducted over the years show the effectiveness of CBD and its positive results. It has been operational in treating significant diseases and conditions in human history. At least compared to conventions drugs, it seems to have a better effect.